History / Thematic and breadth studies / Cultural history. Bastion: A tower or turret projecting from a wall or at the junction of two walls, Battlements: These are the structures at the tops of the walls surrounding a castle. Often also called the Courtyard. Oriel Window - A window or set of windows that stick out from a building. London WC1R 4HQ. amzn_assoc_title = "Medieval stuff on amazon"; Explore more than 18 'Parts Of A Castle' resources for teachers, parents and pupils as well as related resources on 'Features Of A Castle' All of the representative types of castles and fortifications are discussed, from the British Isles, Ireland, France, Germany, Moorish Spain, Italy, as far east as Poland and Russia, as well as Muslim and Crusader castles in the Middle East. In the early years of stone castle building the Keep was a standalone structure that could be defended and often square in shape. It is usually at the top but not always. We can still see many of these stone ruins today. When attackers were trying to get inside the castle, the portcullis would be lowered in front of or behind of the castle doors to help protect them. A moat is a water-filled ditch surounding a castle. It could be raised or lowered by ropes or chains.

Login Required! Required fields are marked *. An intimate guide to the inside of a castle and the lives of its residents, this Stephen Biesty classic details the workings of a medieval fortress. GateHouse - A strongly built and fortified main entrance to a castle. Rampart: Picture the battlements in the previous definition. It supports the weight of a battlement. I have pictures and more information about machicolations here: About Machicolations, Merlons - The parts of parapet walls between embrasures. These shapes at the top (Where the archers position themselves for battle) are called battlements. Shouldered Arch: This is a style of arch building with stone. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; This website and its content is subject to our Terms and They needed bases from where they could patrol the countryside and strongholds to protect themselves from Saxon attack. They are also referred to as crenellations. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "stormthecastl-20"; Over the centuries these structures were improved upon and built around. amzn_assoc_linkid = "4fd974a531137fed5834e17a4bc293bb"; Motte (mound) – a large mound of earth, had steep sides to make it difficult for attackers to run up and attack the castle. Live worksheets > English > English as a Second Language (ESL) > Rooms in the house > Parts of the house. Dungeon - A deep dark cell typically underground and underneath a castle.

These are some of the key parts of a castle. This resource is designed for UK teachers. Want to learn more about Castle walls? We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Definitions and Terms: The Parts of a Medieval Castle. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Find out more about castles by visiting our Castle Resources page. Differentiated sheets and IWB resource on the external features of castles amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual"; They came in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. KS3 Migration: Were the Anglo Saxons the founders of England? Corbel - A stone projection from a wall. Although castles varied quite a lot and there were different types of castles, they did share many of the same features. Ward - The area inside the walls of a castle. Wide collections of all kinds of labels pictures online. Hoarding: a covered wooden gallery above a tower the floor had slats or slots to allow defenders to drop object on besiegers. Studyladder is free to join Join Now, Free. Created: Dec 4, 2012| Updated: Nov 12, 2014. A moat would cause any tunnel to collapse. This was called a crenellation license. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Over 200 photographs and 300 extraordinarily detailed technical drawings, plans, and sketches by Robert M. Jurga accompany and enrich the main text. Defenders could fire arrows from the gaps (the crenels) and hide behind the raised parts (the merlons).

KS3 Migration: What did the Romans do for us? Arrow Loops - These were slots in the walls and structures that were used to shoot arrows through. These were soon replaced with stone keeps. They form areas that stick out along the top of the wall and defenders inside the castle can drop items like boiling oil and rocks onto attackers. A portcullis was a heavy spiked barrier (made from metal or wood). Course Mathematics; Grade Grade 6; Section Two-dimensional shapes; Outcome Parts of a Circle; Activity Type Interactive Activity; Activity ID 4544; x Parent/Teacher Only . Here are some definitions, explanations and drawings of many of the parts of Medieval Castles. Read on as we list 15 defining parts of a castle used in medieval Europe and the Middle East. amzn_assoc_size = "160x600"; Conditions. In the early centuries of castles it was moved horizontal to the ground and in the later centuries it was built so it could raise up in a hinged fashion. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The Medieval Fortress: Castles, Forts, And Walled Cities Of The Middle Ages Yett: Iron gates at the entrance of a castle. Think of it as a gatehouse.

I have pictures and more here. The keep was a strong tower located at the centre of a castle. Tes Global Ltd is Think of bay windows. Different Types of Castles: Facts and Information, How to Make a Motte and Bailey Castle Model, 13 Easy DIY Halloween Decorations – Ideas and Inspiration, 10 Creative DIY Star Wars Christmas Holiday Crafts, Christmas in Germany: Facts About German Christmas Traditions, TT Rockstars Tips: How to Get Better at Times Tables Rock Stars. It was often the first obstacle soldiers would have to overcome when attacking a castle. The arch itself can be straight or arched an on each side is a corbel (shoulder) for support.

The bailey was the courtyard area around the keep, protected by the curtain wall. Your email address will not be published. Bartizan: A small turret at the corner of a tower or wall. Labels are a means of identifying a product or container through a piece of fabric, paper, metal or plastic film onto which information about them is printed. Make your work easier by using a label. The curtain wall was a defensive wall built to protect the bailey (see below) of a castle. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. For several centuries a license was required in order to fortify a building and make it more castle-like. registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Murder Hole: An opening in the roof of a gateway over an entrance. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; Unlike many other books on castles, The Medieval Fortress is unique in its comprehensive treatment of these architectural wonders from a military perspective. Parts of a circle. DK's classic look at the history and structure of castles, now reissued with a CD and wall chart! I have a video about them right here: Interested in Learning about the Various Machines and Weapons that were used to Siege a Castle? But there are also parts of a medieval castle that you never heard of or maybe heard of but don't really know what they are! The Keep. You helped me with my HW <3, Thanks helped a lot for my homework due thus week after the holiday period. But there are also parts of a medieval castle that you never heard of or maybe heard of but don't really know what they are! Often considered to be a "Back Door". Embrasure - An opening in a parapet wall. Barmkin: A yard surrounded by a defensive wall. Ashlar - Blocks of smooth square stone. They could also drop liquids and projectiles. Parts of the house listen and … It is the technique of closely joining them together. Keep - This definition changed slightly over the centuries of castle building. The main tower that this was built around was still called the Keep and it was usually the tallest and strongest structure in the castle. Today, the remains of medieval forts and walls throughout Europe are popular tourist sites. (See all Bailey: This is a courtyard or open space surrounded by walls.The walls that make up the Bailey are also considered to be part of the Bailey. Wow I found it this really helped thank you so much!!!!!! Courtyard - The open area with the curtain walls of a castle. Tunneling under a castle was an effective means of collapsing the walls or infiltrating it. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website.