Jul 10, 2019 Article history . The current account in 2019 totaled 20.1 trillion yen, and its surplus increased for the first time in 2 years, due to the service balance turning into a surplus, etc. The shape, however, has changed dramatically as both the birth rate and death rate have declined. This is likely due to a variety of factors, such as changes in the marine environment and more intensive operations by foreign fishing boats in waters surrounding Japan. The Diet is the highest organ of state power, and is the sole law-making organ of the State. The most popular reason among females was also "For working at convenient times", with 4.38 million females (31.2 percent) choosing this reason, up 0.11 million people. Japan's primary and secondary education is based on a 6-3-3 system: 6 years in elementary school, 3 years in lower secondary school, and 3 years in upper secondary school. The Cabinet, composed of the Prime Minister and other Ministers of State, is collectively responsible to the Diet, regarding the exercise of the executive power. However, excessive funds flowed into the stock and real estate markets, causing abnormal increases in capital asset values (forming an economic bubble). The settlement amount for fiscal 2018, the net total of national and local government expenditures was 169 trillion yen. A breakdown of carbon dioxide emissions by sector revealed that emissions from the industrial sector accounted for 35.0 percent of the total, followed in order by emissions from the transport sector, the commercial industry sector (office buildings, etc. Afterwards, the Nikkei Stock Average in April 2015 recovered to the 20,000 yen level for the first time in 15 years. Japan's total agricultural output in 2018 was 9.06 trillion yen, down 2.4 percent from the previous year. Against the backdrop of worsening labour shortages in recent years, Japan has faced major structural changes such as strengthening of domestic business sites due to automation and labour-savings achieved through the use of IT and digital technology.

In 2015, there were approximately 53 million private households in Japan, of which about 65 percent are two-or-more-person households and about 35 percent are one-person households. In 2018, there were less than 1 million babies born for the third year in a row and a fertility rate of only 1.45 births per woman. The Supreme Court has the authority to deliver the final judgment on the legitimacy of any law, ordinance, regulation, or disposition. The motor vehicles, parts and accessories industry spent the most, followed by the medicines industry, then by the electrical machinery, equipment and supplies industry. In 2019, the natural change rate was -4.2 and decreased for the 13th consecutive year. The number of Japanese overseas travelers in 2019 was 20.08 million (up 5.9 percent from the previous year). 27% of the Japanese population is over the age of 65. Japan is dependent on imports for 88.2 percent of its energy supply. The largest single city was the 23 Cities of Tokyo Metropolis, with 9.27 million citizens. In 2018, the number of fixed-broadband subscribers in Japan was 41 million, the third-largest after China, 407 million and the U.S.A., 111 million.

The proposal is then discussed, and approved usually before the fiscal year begins in April (initial budget). Of these households, there were 9.56 million households living in houses that are handrail-equipped at 2 or more locations or have a step-free interior (constant barrier-free houses), accounting for 42.4% of households with elderly members.

A workers' household means a household of which the head is employed by a company, public office, school, factory, store, etc.